Trauma results from severe mental, emotional, or physical distress. Abuse can also be the catalyst for trauma. Abuse within families is a serious social issue that negatively affects everyone globally. All matters that occur as a result must be corrected immediately, or damage can be irreversible. We live in a world where catastrophes happen daily, and it is the responsibility of healthcare professional to have proactive measures in place to assure that families can heal from sustained trauma. Consequently, researchers have worked tirelessly to study the effects of trauma. As a result of paradigm shifts in how trauma is accessed, awareness has increased tremendously regarding the devastating effects of domestic violence and child abuse (James & MacKinnon, 2012). The aforementioned coupled with advancements in neuroscience regarding brain imaging technology has enabled researchers to observe the effect of trauma on the human brain and trace the biological pathways from traumatic events to the physical and psychological sequelae of depression, anxiety, intrusive memories, avoidance, and dissociation (James & MacKinnon, 2012). The study of trauma expanded as therapists began to view many dysfunctions as at least partially caused by trauma which ultimately allowed scholars the opportunity to create innovative methods that assist clients with healing. According to James & Mackinnon (2012), multiple studies have established that adverse events experienced within childhood profoundly undermine individual’s physical and emotional development. A child’s disturbed or problematic behavior may have resulted from disrupted attachment as well as experiences of trauma. This writer concludes that there is a direct correlation between parent and child relationship, the child’s overall development and the youth’s ability to survive and thrive as productive citizens. The presence of abuse significantly reduces the child’s capacity; Thus it should be considered a threat to modern civilization.
James, K., & MacKinnon, L. (2012). Family Therapy and Trauma. Australian & New Zealand Journal Of Family Therapy, 187-188.